Cognative Behavious Therapy

Cognative Behavious Therapy 

aims to change the way that you think, feel and behave. It is used as a treatment for various mental health and physical problems.

What is CBT?

Cognitive Therapy

Our "cognitive processes" are our thoughts which include our ideas, mental images, beliefs and attitudes. Cognitive therapy is based on the principal that certain ways of thinking can "trigger" or "fuel" certain health problems. For example, anxiety, depression, phobias etc but there are others, including physical problems. The therapist helps you to understand your current thought patterns. In particular, to identify any harmful, unhelpful and false ideas or thoughts which you have that can trigger your problem, or make it worse. The aim is to help your thought patterns to be more realistic and helpful.

Behaviour Therapy

This aims to change any behaviours that are harmful or un-helpful. Various techniques are used. For example, a common unhelpful behaviour is to avoid situations that can make you anxious. For some people with phobias the avoidance can become extreme and affect day to day life.

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

This is a mixture of both cognitive and behaviour therapies. They are often combined because how we behave often reflects how we think about certain things or situations. The emphasis on cognitive or behaviour aspects of therapy can vary, depending on the condition being treated. For example, there is often more emphasis on behaviour therapy when treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (where repetitive compulsive actions are the main problem). On the other hand, the emphasis may be more on cognitive therapy when treating depression.

What conditions can be helped by CBT?

  • certain anxiety disorders including phobias, panic attacks and panic disorder
  • depression
  • eating disorders
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • anger

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a short to medium term therapy focussed on the present rather than on the past. CBT is based on the premise that emotional distress is caused by the way we think, and that changing our way of thinking alleviates worry, anxiety and emotional distress. In CBT, the way a person thinks, underpins feelings and behaviour. The therapist helps the patient to examine their self beliefs, perceptions and thinking patterns, and identify how these impact on their emotional wellbeing and actions. Homework between sessions is a key part of CBT, which may consist of journal and diary keeping.

For more information about:

Counselling Manchester or  Cognitive Behaviour therapy, Person Centred Counselling and or Holistic therapy.